Factoring Terminology | Factoring Definitions | Factoring Terms
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Factoring Terminology

Get to Know Factoring Lingo a Little Better!

Just like in the medical world, invoice factoring has very specific terminology associated with the industry. If you aren’t familiar, see the list below!


Account Creditor

You, the Client and provider of goods or services.

Advance Rate

Money provided immediately to the company factoring its accounts receivable–expressed as a percentage of the total invoice amount.

Client

The provider of goods or services to a ‘customer’.

Customer

The purchaser of goods or services responsible for the paying invoice.

Debt Financing

Capital secured in exchange for a commitment to pay interest in addition to the principal amount borrowed.

Discount Fee

A fee assessed by a factor that purchases accounts receivable. The discount fee is determined by the size of the invoice, the length of time it takes to collect the funds and the creditworthiness of the customer, not the company selling the receivable.

Equity Financing

Capital secured in exchange for an ownership interest in the company.

Factor

A company that provides operating capital to businesses by purchasing their accounts receivable.


Non-Recourse

Generally, a period in which accounts purchased by the factor remain the factor’s accounts and do not revert to the account creditor if unpaid due to an insolvency event. The factor accepts full credit risk for any and all accounts that it purchases during this period.

Rebate

A bonus paid back to you as a result of prompt paying of receivables by your customer.

Recourse

Generally, a period in which accounts purchased by the factor are able to revert to the account creditor if unpaid due to an insolvency event. The client accepts full credit risk for any and all accounts that it sells to the factor during this period.

Reserve

Amount of money that is not immediately provided to the company factoring its accounts receivable when the account is purchased by the factor, expressed as a percentage of the total invoice amount.

Advance Rate + Reserve = 100% of Total Invoice
The Reserve, minus the discount fee, is transferred to the client once payment is received by the factor.


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